2. Beginnings of Rome
3. Institutions of Early Rome
4. Etruscan Kings of Rome
5. Reorganization of Kingdom

6. Struggle against Kingship
7. Struggle for Economic Rights
8. Struggle for Equal Laws
9. Struggle for Political Equality
10. Conquest of Latium
11. Conquest of Central Italy
12. Conquest of Southern Italy
13. Supremacy of Rome in Italy
14. First Punic War
15. Second Punic War
16. Conquests in East
17. Reduction of Roman Conquests
18. Rome as a World Power
19. Times of Gracchi
20. Times of Marius and Sulla
21. Times of Pompey and Caesar
22. Times of Antony and Octavius

23. Reign of Augustus
24. Julian Emperors
25. Flavian Emperors
26. Five Good Emperors
27. Decline of Empire
28. Reorganization of Empire
29. Extinction of Western Empire
Outlines of Roman History
by William C. Morey, Ph.D., D.C.L.
New York, Cincinnati, Chicago: American Book Company (1901).



Table of contents




N.B.—This list includes only English works and English translations.


(1) Roman History, Compends.

     Gilman, A. Story of Rome. N.Y. 1892. (Story of the Nations.)

     How, W.W., and Leigh, H.D. History of Rome to the Death of Caesar. N.Y. 1896.

     Leighton, R.F. History of Rome. N.Y. 1890.

     Liddell, H.G. History of Rome. N.Y. 1868.

     Matheson, P.E. Skeleton Outlines of Roman History. (Chronologically arranged.) Lond. 1890.

     Merivale, C. General History of Rome. N.Y. 1880.

     Pelham, H.F. Outlines of Roman History. 4th Ed. N.Y. 1907.

     Shuckburgh, E.S. History of Rome to the Battle of Actium. N.Y. 1894.

     Schmitz, L. History of Rome. Andover, 1847.

     Taylor, T.M. Constitutional and Political History of Rome. Lond. 1899.

(2) General Treatises.

     Arnold, T. History of Rome. N.Y. 1866. 3 vols. in one.

     Duruy, V. History of Rome and the Roman People. Ed. J.P. Mahaffy. Bost. 1883. 8 vols.

     Ihne, W. History of Rome. English Edition. Lond. 1882. 5 vols.

     Mommsen, T. History of Rome. Tr. W.P. Dickson. N.Y. 1871. 4 vols. Abridged by C. Bryans and F.J.R. Hendy. N.Y. 1889.

     Niebuhr, B.G. History of Rome. Tr. L.C. Hare and C. Thirwall. Phil. 1844. 5 vols. in two. Epitomized by T. Twiss. Oxf. 1845.

     —— Lectures on Roman History. Tr. L. Schmitz. Lond. 1849. 3 vols.

(3) Miscellaneous Works.

     Fowler, W.W. The City-state of the Greeks and the Romans. N.Y. 1893.

     Freeman, E.A. Historical Essays. 2d series. N.Y. 1873.

     Munro, D.C. Source Book of Roman History. Bost. 1904.

(4) Original Histories.

     Ammianus Marcellinus.
Roman History. (Bohn.)

     Appian. Roman History. Tr. H. White. N.Y. 1899. 2 vols.

     Caesar. Commentaries. (Harper’s Classical Library.)

     Livy. History of Rome. (Harper’s Classical Library.) 2 vols. (Bohn.) 4 vols.

     Polybius. Histories. Tr. E.S. Shuckburgh. Lond. 1889). 2 vols.

     Sallust. Works. (Harper’s Classical Library; Bohn.)

     Tacitus. Works. (Harper’s Classical Library; Bohn.) 2 vols.

               See also (11) Biography, “Plutarch,” “Suetonius.”


(5) The Kingdom (B.C. 753-510).

     Dyer, T.H. History of the Kings of Rome. Lond. 1868.

     Ihne, W. Early Rome. N.Y. (Epochs of Anc. History.)

     Lewis, G.C. An Inquiry into the Credibility of Early Roman History. Lond. 1855. 2 vols.

     Newman, F.W. Regal Rome. Redfield, 1852.

(6) The Republic (B.C. 510-31).

     Arnold, T. History of the Later Roman Commonwealth. N.Y. 1846.

     —— Second Punic War. Ed. W.T. Arnold. Lond. 1886.

     Beesly, A.H. The Gracchi, Marius, and Sulla. N.Y.

     Heitland, W.E. Roman Republic. 3 vols. Camb. 1909.

     Long, G. Civil Wars of Rome: Select Lives from Plutarch, newly trans., with notes. Lond. 1844-48. 5 vols.

     —— Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic. Lond. 1864. 5 vols.

     Merivale, C. The Roman Triumvirates. N.Y. (Epochs of Anc. History.)

     Michelet, J. History of the Roman Republic. Tr. W. Hazlitt. Lond. 1847.

     Smith, R.B. Rome and Carthage. N.Y. (Epochs of Anc. History.)

(7) The Empire (B.C. 31-A.D. 476).

     Bury, J.B. History of the Roman Empire from its Foundation to the Death of Marcus Aurelius. N.Y. 1893.

     —— History of the Later Roman Empire. Lond. 1889. 2 vols.

     Capes, W.W. The Early Empire. N.Y. (Epochs of Anc. Hist.)

     —— Age of the Antonines. N.Y. (Epochs of Anc. History.)

     Curteis, A.M. History of the Roman Empire, A.D. 395-800. Lond. 1875.

     Gibbon, E.
The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Phil. 6 vols. Abridged by W. Smith. N.Y. 1869.

     Hodgkin, T. Italy and her invaders. Oxf. 1888-1890. 8 vols.

     Jones, H.S. Roman Empire. N.Y. 1908.

     Merivale, C.A History of the Romans under the Empire. N.Y. 1866. 7 vols.

     Seeley, J.R. Roman Imperialism and Other Lectures and Essays. Bost. 1871.


(8) Antiquities.

      Adam, A. Roman Antiquities. Ed. J. Boyd. Phil. 1872.

     Eschenburg, J.J. Manual of Classical Literature (Antiquities). Tr. N.W. Fiske. Phil. 1864.

     Fuss, J.D. Roman Antiquities. Eng. Trans. 1840.

     Gow, J. Companion to School Classics. N.Y. 1889.

Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Literature and Antiquities. Ed. H.T. Peck. N.Y. 1897.

     Ramsay, W., and Lanciani, R. Manual of Roman Antiquities. Lond. 1894.

     Rich, A. Dictionary of Roman and Greek Antiquities. Lond. 1873.

     Seyffert, O. Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Ed. H. Nettleship and J. E. Sandys. Lond. 1891.

     Smith, W. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. 3d edition. Land. 1890. 2 vols.

               See also (16) Life and Manners.

(9) Archaeology.

     Burn, R. Old Rome: a Handbook to the Ruins of the City and the Campagna. Lond. 1880.

     —— Ancient Rome and its Neighborhood. Lond. 1895.

     Dyer, T. H. A History of the City of Rome. Lond. 1883.

     Lanciani, R. Ancient Rome in the Light of Recent Discoveries. Bost. 1891.

     —— Ruins and Excavations of Ancient Rome. Bost. 1897.

     Middleton, J. H. Ancient Rome in 1888. Edin. 1888.

     —— Remains of Ancient Rome. Lond. 1892.

     Parker, J.H. Archaeology of Rome. Oxf. 1876-79. 11 vols.

     —— Architectural History of the City of Rome. Abridged from his “Archaeology of Rome.” Lond. 1881.

(10) Art.

     De Forest, J. B. Short History of Art. N. Y. 1881. (p. 85 et seq. “Roman Art.”)

     Fergusson, J. History of Architecture. Lond. 1871. 4 vols. (Pt. I., Bk. 4, “Etruscan and Roman Architecture.”)

     Lübke, W. History of Art. Tr. F.E. Burnett. Lond. 1888. 2 vols. (Ch. III., “Roman Art.”)

     Mitchell, L.M. History of Ancient Sculpture. N. Y. 1883.

     Rosengarten, K. Handbook of Architectural Styles. Tr. W. Collett-Sanders. N.Y. 1876. (Bk. VII., “Roman Architecture.”)

(11) Biography, General.

     De Quincey, T. The Caesars. Lond. 1880.

     Gould, S. Baring-. Tragedy of the Caesars. N.Y. 1892. 2 vols.

     Herbert, H.W. Captains of the Roman Republic. N. Y. 1854.

Lives. (Bohn.)

     Smith, W. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Lond. 1880. 3 vols.

     Suetonius. The Twelve Caesars. (Bohn.)

               See also IV. Biography. Individuals.

(12) Christianity and Rome.

     Carr, A. The Church and the Roman Empire. N.Y. 1887. (Epochs of Church Hist.)

     Fisher, G.P. Beginnings of Christianity. N.Y. 1877.

     Hardy, E.G. Christianity and the Roman Government. Lond. 1894.

     Merivale, C. Conversion of the Roman Empire. N.Y. 1870.

     Ramsay, W.M. The Church in the Roman Empire. N.Y. 1893.

     Renan, E. Influence of Rome upon Christianity. N.Y.

     Stanley, A.P. History of the Eastern Church. N.Y. 1884.

     Uhlhorn, G. Conflict of Christianity with Heathenism. N.Y. 1879.

(13) Constitutional Antiquities.

     Abbott, F.F. Roman Political Institutions. Bost. 1902.

     Granrud, J.E. Roman Constitutional History. Bost. 1902.

     Greenidge, A.H.J. Roman Public Life. Lond. 1901.

(14) Geography and Description.

     Boissier, G. Country of Horace and Virgil. Tr. D. H. Fisher. Lond. 1896.

     Burn, R. Rome and the Campagna. Camb. 1876.

     Cramer, J.A. Description of Ancient Italy. Oxf. 1826. 2 vols.

     Freeman, E.A. Historical Geography of Europe. N.Y. 1881. 2 vols.

     Hare, A.J.C. Walks in Rome. N.Y.

     Kiepert, H. Atlas Antiquus. Bost.

     Murray, J. Handbook of Rome and its Environs. Lond.

     Schmidt, H.I. Course of Ancient Geography. N.Y. 1860.

     Story, W.W. Roba di Roma. Lond. 1884. 2 vols.

(15) Law.

     Hadley, J. Introduction to Roman Law. N.Y.

     Mackenzie, Lord. Studies in Roman Law. Lond. 1870.

     Maine, H.S. Ancient Law. N. Y. 1884.

     Morey, W.C. Outlines of Roman Law; Comprising its Historical Growth and General Principles. N. Y.

     Muirhead, J. Historical Introduction to the Private Law of Rome. Ed. H. Goudy. Lond. 1899.

     Ortolan, E. History of Roman Legislation. Tr. Pritchard and Nasmith. Lond. 1871.

(16) Life and Manners.

     Becker, W.A. Gallus; or, Roman Scenes of the Time of Augustus. Tr. F. Metcalfe. Lond. 1866.

     Church, A.J. Pictures from Roman Life and Story. N.Y. 1892.

     —— Roman Life in the Days of Cicero. N.Y. 1884.

     Dill, S. Roman Society in the Last Century of the Western Empire. Lond. and N. Y. 1898.

     Elliot, F. M. Roman Gossip. N.Y. 1894.

     Guhl, E., and Koner, W. The Life of the Greeks and Romans. Tr. F. Hueffer. Lond.

     Inge, W.R. Society in Rome under the Caesars. N.Y. 1892.

     Preston, H.W., and Dodge, L. Private Life of the Romans. Bost.

     Shumway, E.S. A Day in Ancient Rome. Bost. 1893.

     Thomas, E. Roman Life under the Caesars. N.Y. 1899.

               See also
(8) Antiquities.

(17) Literature.

     Cruttwell, C.T. History of Roman Literature. N.Y. 1877.

     Lawton, W.C. Classical Latin Literature. N.Y. 1904.

     Simcox, G.A. History of Latin Literature. Lond. 1883. 2 vols.

     Teuffel, W.S. History of Roman Literature. Tr. G.C. Warr. N.Y. 1891-92. 2 vols.

(18) Philosophy.

     Enfield, W. History of Philosophy. Lond. 1837. (Bk. III., “Philosophy of the Romans.”)

     Farrar, F.W. Seekers after God. N.Y. 1883.

(19) Provinces.

     Arnold, W.T. Roman System of Provincial Administration. Lond. 1879.

     Mommsen, T. Provinces of the Roman Empire. N.Y. 1887. 2 vols.

(20) Religion.

     Clarke, J.F. Ten Great Religions. Bost. 1871. (Ch. VIII., “Religion of Rome.”)

     Coulanges, F. de. Ancient City. Tr. W. Small. Bost. 1877.

     Guerber, H.A. Myths of Greece and Rome. N.Y. 1893.

     Murray, A.S. Manual of Mythology. N.Y. 1874.

(21) Slavery.

     Blair, W. Inquiry into the State of Slavery amongst the Romans. Edin., 1833.


(22) Caesar, Julius.

     Abbott, J. History of Julius Caesar. N.Y. 1849.

     Dodge, T.A. Caesar. Bost. 1892.

     Fowler, W.W. Julius Caesar and the Foundation of the Roman Imperial System. N.Y. 1892.

     Froude, J.A. Caesar; a Sketch. N.Y. 1880.

     Napoleon, Louis. History of Julius Caesar. N.Y. 1865. 2 vols.

     Williams, J. Life of Julius Caesar. Lond. 1854.

(23) Cicero.

     Boissier, G. Cicero and his Friends. Tr. A. D. Jones. Lond.1897.

     Davidson, J.L.S. Cicero and the Fall of the Roman Republic. N.Y. 1894.

     Forsyth, W. Life of Cicero. N.Y. 1865. 2 vols.

     Middleton, C., and others. Life and Letters of Cicero. Lond. 1876.

     Newman, J.H. Historical Sketches. (In vol. 2.) N.Y. 1891.

     Trollope, A. Life of Cicero. N.Y. 1881. 2 vols.

(24) Constantine.

     Cutts, E. L. Constantine the Great. Lond. 1881.

(25) Hannibal.

     Abbott, J. History of Hannibal. N.Y. 1849.

     Arnold, T. Life of Hannibal. Bost. 1860.

     Dodge, T.A. Hannibal. Bost. 1891.

     Henty, G.A. The Young Carthaginian. N.Y. 1887.

(26) Julian.

     Gardner, A. Julian, Philosopher and Emperor. N.Y. 1895.

     Neander, J.A.W. Emperor Julian and his Generation. N.Y. 1850.

(27) Marcus Aurelius.

     Watson, P.B. Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. N.Y. 1884.


NOTE.—Dramas are indicated thus, [D.] ; novels, [N.] ; poems, [P.].

1. The Early Republic

(28) Brutus the Elder.

     Payne, J. H. Brutus; or the Fall of Tarquin. [D.]

(29) Horatius Cocles.

     Macaulay, T.B. Horatius. (In Lays of Ancient Rome.) [P.]

(30) Coriolanus.

     Shakespeare, W.
Coriolanus. [D.]

(31) Appius Claudius.

     Chaucer, G. The Phisiciens Tale. (In Canterbury Tales.) [P.]

     Knowles, J.S. Virginius. [D.]

     Macaulay, T.B. Virginia. (In Lays of Ancient Rome.) [P.]

2. The Later Republic

(32) Gracchus.

     Knowles, J. S. Caius Gracchus. [D.]

(33) Marius.

     Otway, T. Caius Marius. [D.]

(34) Spartacus.

     Eckstein, E. Prusias. [N.]

(35) Catiline.

     Herbert, H.W. The Roman Traitor. [N.]

     Jonson, B. Catiline his Conspiracy. [D.]

(36) Caesar.

     Beaumont, F., and Fletcher, J. The False One. [D.]

Pharsalia. (Bohn.) [P.]

     Shakespeare, W. Julius Caesar. [D.]

(37) Antony.

     Hemans, F.D.
Last Banquet of Antony and Cleopatra. [P.]

     Shakespeare, W. Antony and Cleopatra. [D.]

3. The Early Empire

(38) Augustus.

     Jonson, B. The Poetaster. [D.]

(39) Tiberius.

     Graham, J.W. Neara. [N.]

     Jonson, B. Seianus his Fall. [D.]

(40) Nero.

     Baillie, J. The Martyr. [D.]

     Church, A.J. Burning of Rome. [N.]

     Eckstein, E. Nero: a Romance. [N.]

     Sienkiewicz, H. Quo Vadis. [N.]

     Story, W.W. Nero: a Historical Play. [D.]

(41) Vitellius.

     Melville, G.J.W. The Gladiators. [N.]

(42) Titus.

     Lytton, Bulwer. The Last Days of Pompeii. [N.]

     Otway, T. Titus and Berenice. [D.]

(43) Domitian.

     Eckstein, E. Quintus Claudius. [N.]

     Marks, M.A.M. Masters of the World.

     Massinger, P. The Roman Actor. [D.]

(44) Trajan.

     Lockhart, J.G. Valerius. [N.]

(45) Hadrian.

     Richardson, B.W. Son of a Star. [N.]

(46) Aurelian.

     Ware, W. Aurelian; or, Rome in the Third Century. [N.]

     —— Zenobia; or, the Fall of Palmyra. [N.]

4. The Later Empire

(47) Diocletian.

     Crake, A.D. The Victor’s Laurel. [N.]

     Eckstein, E. The Chaldean Magician. [N.]

     Massinger, P. The Virgin Martyr. [D.]

(48) Constantine.

     Bayle, A. Thalia. [N.]

     Crake, A.D. Evanus. [N.]

     Lytton, Bulwer. Licinius. [P.]

     Rounds, N.C. Arius the Libyan. [N.]

(49) Julian.

     Bungener, L.L.F. Julian, the Close of an Era. [N.]

     De Vere, A. Julian the Apostate. [P.]

     Lee, E.B. Parthenia; or, the Last Days of Paganism. [N.]

     Ware, W. Julian; or, Scenes in Judea. [N.]

(50) Theodosius.

     Massinger, P. The Emperour of the East. [D.]

(51) Valentinian.

     Beaumont, F., and Fletcher, J. Tragedy of Valentinian. [D.]


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